Data provided by EOL.org
Thalassoma pavo (Linnaeus, 1758) (Ornate wrasse)
Inhabits coastal waters near rocks and eel-grass beds. Usually solitary, sometimes in small groups. Feeds on small mollusks and crustaceans . Protogynous hermaphrodite, with distinct sexual dichromatism . Eggs are pelagic .
Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Mediterranean chromis)
Form small shoals in midwater above or near rocky reefs or above seagrass meadows (Posidonia. Feed on small planktonic or benthic animals . Reproduce in summer . Eggs characterised by adhesive filaments are nested on rocky or sandy bottoms . Males guard the eggs .
Sparisoma cretense (Linnaeus, 1758) (parrotfish)
In shallow water along rocky shores. Feed on algae and small invertebrates . Herbivore species with specialized pharyngeal bones and muscles . Breeding occurs from July to September, with juveniles recruiting in late summer in Portugal .
Hermodice carunculata (Pallas, 1766) (bearded fireworm)
Coris julis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Mediterranean rainbow wrasse)
Occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eelgrass beds. Usually found between 1-60 m, but old males stay in deeper water. Found in deeper waters during winter. Sometimes solitary, among rocks, often with numerous spe...
Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817) (Common two-banded seabream)
A euryhaline species inhabiting rocky and sometimes sandy bottoms to depths of 160 m, but more commonly in less than 50 m. The young are sometimes found in seagrass beds. Adults feed on crustaceans, worms and mollusks . Important food fish.
Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (Large-scaled scorpion fish)
Solitary and sedentary over rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and mollusks .
Trachinus draco Linnaeus, 1758 (Greater weever fish)
On sandy, muddy or gravelly bottoms, from a few meters to about 150 m. Rest on the bottom, often buried with eyes and tip of first dorsal fin exposed . At night they swim around freely, even pelagically . Feed on small ...
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758 (Striped red mullet)